ArrayList,Vector,LinkedList 源码


Java集合中 List的子集 ArrayList,Vector,LinkedList 源码

ArrayList源码

ArrayList是线程不安的

  • ArrayList中维护了一个Object类型的数组elementData

    • transient Object[] elementData //transient表时短暂的, 该属性不会被序列化
  • 当创建ArrayList对象时,如果使用无参构造器,则初始elementData容量为0, 第一次添加, 则扩容elementData为10, 如果需要再次扩容, 则扩容elementData为1.5
  • 如果初始化指定大小,elementData初始为指定大小, 如果需要扩容, 则扩容为1.5
  • 如果是addAll(collection c), c的长度很长, 原始size的两倍仍然小于minCapacity(size + c.length) , 则扩容为 minCapacity

ArrayList构造器

    /**
     * Constructs an empty list with an initial capacity of ten.
     */
    public ArrayList() {
        this.elementData = DEFAULTCAPACITY_EMPTY_ELEMENTDATA; //{} 空Object数组
    }

    /**
     * Constructs an empty list with the specified initial capacity.
     *
     * @param  initialCapacity  the initial capacity of the list
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the specified initial capacity
     *         is negative
     */
    public ArrayList(int initialCapacity) {
        if (initialCapacity > 0) {
            this.elementData = new Object[initialCapacity];
        } else if (initialCapacity == 0) {
            this.elementData = EMPTY_ELEMENTDATA;
        } else {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal Capacity: "+
                                               initialCapacity);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Constructs a list containing the elements of the specified
     * collection, in the order they are returned by the collection's
     * iterator.
     *
     * @param c the collection whose elements are to be placed into this list
     * @throws NullPointerException if the specified collection is null
     */
    public ArrayList(Collection<? extends E> c) {
        elementData = c.toArray();
        if ((size = elementData.length) != 0) {
            // c.toArray might (incorrectly) not return Object[] (see 6260652)
            if (elementData.getClass() != Object[].class)
                elementData = Arrays.copyOf(elementData, size, Object[].class);
        } else {
            // replace with empty array.
            this.elementData = EMPTY_ELEMENTDATA;
        }
    }

add相关源码

    /**
     * Appends the specified element to the end of this list.
     *
     * @param e element to be appended to this list
     * @return <tt>true</tt> (as specified by {@link Collection#add})
     */
    public boolean add(E e) {
        ensureCapacityInternal(size + 1);  // Increments modCount!!
        elementData[size++] = e;
        return true;
    }


    //确认是否要扩容
    private void ensureCapacityInternal(int minCapacity) {
        //如果elementData为空, 将minCapacity大小赋值为传入值和DEFAULT_CAPACITY (10) 的最大值
        if (elementData == DEFAULTCAPACITY_EMPTY_ELEMENTDATA) {
            minCapacity = Math.max(DEFAULT_CAPACITY, minCapacity);
        }
        ensureExplicitCapacity(minCapacity);
    } 


    private void ensureExplicitCapacity(int minCapacity) {
        //记录当前集合被修改的次数 modify count
        modCount++;

        // overflow-conscious code
        // 如果最小容量已经大于了(size + 1) 数组实际长度,就需要扩容
        if (minCapacity - elementData.length > 0)
            grow(minCapacity);
    }



    /**
     * Increases the capacity to ensure that it can hold at least the
     * number of elements specified by the minimum capacity argument.
     *
     * @param minCapacity the desired minimum capacity
     */
    private void grow(int minCapacity) {
        // overflow-conscious code 扩容
        int oldCapacity = elementData.length;
        int newCapacity = oldCapacity + (oldCapacity >> 1); //新增容量大小
        if (newCapacity - minCapacity < 0)
            newCapacity = minCapacity;
        if (newCapacity - MAX_ARRAY_SIZE > 0)
            newCapacity = hugeCapacity(minCapacity);
        // minCapacity is usually close to size, so this is a win:
        elementData = Arrays.copyOf(elementData, newCapacity);
    }

扩容使用的是 Arrays.copyOf() 方法

remove相关源码

    /**
     * Removes the element at the specified position in this list.
     * Shifts any subsequent elements to the left (subtracts one from their
     * indices).
     *
     * @param index the index of the element to be removed
     * @return the element that was removed from the list
     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException {@inheritDoc}
     */
    public E remove(int index) {
        rangeCheck(index);

        modCount++;
        E oldValue = elementData(index);

        int numMoved = size - index - 1;
        if (numMoved > 0)
            System.arraycopy(elementData, index+1, elementData, index,
                             numMoved);
        elementData[--size] = null; // clear to let GC do its work

        return oldValue;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if the given index is in range.  If not, throws an appropriate
     * runtime exception.  This method does *not* check if the index is
     * negative: It is always used immediately prior to an array access,
     * which throws an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if index is negative.
     */
    private void rangeCheck(int index) {
        if (index >= size)
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException(outOfBoundsMsg(index));
    }

    /**
     * Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this list,
     * if it is present.  If the list does not contain the element, it is
     * unchanged.  More formally, removes the element with the lowest index
     * <tt>i</tt> such that
     * <tt>(o==null&nbsp;?&nbsp;get(i)==null&nbsp;:&nbsp;o.equals(get(i)))</tt>
     * (if such an element exists).  Returns <tt>true</tt> if this list
     * contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this list
     * changed as a result of the call).
     *
     * @param o element to be removed from this list, if present
     * @return <tt>true</tt> if this list contained the specified element
     */
    public boolean remove(Object o) {
        if (o == null) {
            for (int index = 0; index < size; index++)
                if (elementData[index] == null) {
                    fastRemove(index);
                    return true;
                }
        } else {
            for (int index = 0; index < size; index++)
                if (o.equals(elementData[index])) {
                    fastRemove(index);
                    return true;
                }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /*
     * Private remove method that skips bounds checking and does not
     * return the value removed.
     */
    private void fastRemove(int index) {
        modCount++;
        int numMoved = size - index - 1;
        if (numMoved > 0)
            System.arraycopy(elementData, index+1, elementData, index,
                             numMoved);
        elementData[--size] = null; // clear to let GC do its work
    }
Vector源码
  • Vector和ArrayList类似, 底层也是一个对象数组 protected Object[] elementData
  • Vector是线程安全的, Vector的操作方法都带有synchronized
  • 相应的, Vector效率也较低, 需要考虑线程安全时,仍然使用Vector

Vector扩容机制

  • 如果是无参构造器, 默认10, 满后按2倍扩容
  • 如果指定大小, 则扩容时变为2倍
  • 通过Vector(int initialCapacity, int capacityIncrement)可以指定初始容量和单次扩容大小, 如果指定单次扩容大小, 则扩容大小为capacityIncrement, 没有指定才为2倍\
  • 如果是addAll(collection c), c的长度很长, 原始size的两倍仍然小于minCapacity(size + c.length) , 则扩容为 minCapacity

构造器:

    /**
     * Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity and
     * capacity increment.
     *
     * @param   initialCapacity     the initial capacity of the vector
     * @param   capacityIncrement   the amount by which the capacity is
     *                              increased when the vector overflows
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the specified initial capacity
     *         is negative
     */
    public Vector(int initialCapacity, int capacityIncrement) {
        super();
        if (initialCapacity < 0)
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal Capacity: "+
                                               initialCapacity);
        this.elementData = new Object[initialCapacity]; //初始容量
        this.capacityIncrement = capacityIncrement;
    }

    /**
     * Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity and
     * with its capacity increment equal to zero.
     *
     * @param   initialCapacity   the initial capacity of the vector
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the specified initial capacity
     *         is negative
     */
    public Vector(int initialCapacity) {
        this(initialCapacity, 0);
    }

    /**
     * Constructs an empty vector so that its internal data array
     * has size {@code 10} and its standard capacity increment is
     * zero.
     */
    public Vector() {
        this(10);
    }

add相关源码

    /**
     * Appends the specified element to the end of this Vector.
     *
     * @param e element to be appended to this Vector
     * @return {@code true} (as specified by {@link Collection#add})
     * @since 1.2
     */
    public synchronized boolean add(E e) {
        modCount++;  //记录当前集合被修改的次数 modify count
        ensureCapacityHelper(elementCount + 1);
        elementData[elementCount++] = e;
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * This implements the unsynchronized semantics of ensureCapacity.
     * Synchronized methods in this class can internally call this
     * method for ensuring capacity without incurring the cost of an
     * extra synchronization.
     *
     * @see #ensureCapacity(int)
     */
    private void ensureCapacityHelper(int minCapacity) {
        // overflow-conscious code 确认当前容量是否够,不够就扩容
        if (minCapacity - elementData.length > 0)
            grow(minCapacity);
    }


    private void grow(int minCapacity) {
        // overflow-conscious code
        int oldCapacity = elementData.length;
        //如果初始化指定的单次扩容大小则为指定, 否则为2倍
        //如果是addAll, 新增集合长度过长, 原始size的两倍仍然小于minCapacity,则扩容为minCapacity
        int newCapacity = oldCapacity + ((capacityIncrement > 0) ?
                                         capacityIncrement : oldCapacity);
        if (newCapacity - minCapacity < 0)
            newCapacity = minCapacity;
        if (newCapacity - MAX_ARRAY_SIZE > 0)
            newCapacity = hugeCapacity(minCapacity);
        elementData = Arrays.copyOf(elementData, newCapacity);
    }

remove相关源码

    /**
     * Removes the element at the specified position in this Vector.
     * Shifts any subsequent elements to the left (subtracts one from their
     * indices).  Returns the element that was removed from the Vector.
     *
     * @throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is out of range
     *         ({@code index < 0 || index >= size()})
     * @param index the index of the element to be removed
     * @return element that was removed
     * @since 1.2
     */
    public synchronized E remove(int index) {
        modCount++;
        if (index >= elementCount)
            throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
        E oldValue = elementData(index);

        int numMoved = elementCount - index - 1;
        if (numMoved > 0)
            System.arraycopy(elementData, index+1, elementData, index,
                             numMoved);
        elementData[--elementCount] = null; // Let gc do its work

        return oldValue;
    }


    public boolean remove(Object o) {
        return removeElement(o);
    }

    /**
     * Removes the first (lowest-indexed) occurrence of the argument
     * from this vector. If the object is found in this vector, each
     * component in the vector with an index greater or equal to the
     * object's index is shifted downward to have an index one smaller
     * than the value it had previously.
     *
     * <p>This method is identical in functionality to the
     * {@link #remove(Object)} method (which is part of the
     * {@link List} interface).
     *
     * @param   obj   the component to be removed
     * @return  {@code true} if the argument was a component of this
     *          vector; {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    public synchronized boolean removeElement(Object obj) {
        modCount++;
        int i = indexOf(obj);
        if (i >= 0) {
            removeElementAt(i);
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Deletes the component at the specified index. Each component in
     * this vector with an index greater or equal to the specified
     * {@code index} is shifted downward to have an index one
     * smaller than the value it had previously. The size of this vector
     * is decreased by {@code 1}.
     *
     * <p>The index must be a value greater than or equal to {@code 0}
     * and less than the current size of the vector.
     *
     * <p>This method is identical in functionality to the {@link #remove(int)}
     * method (which is part of the {@link List} interface).  Note that the
     * {@code remove} method returns the old value that was stored at the
     * specified position.
     *
     * @param      index   the index of the object to remove
     * @throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is out of range
     *         ({@code index < 0 || index >= size()})
     */
    public synchronized void removeElementAt(int index) {
        modCount++;
        if (index >= elementCount) {
            throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(index + " >= " +
                                                     elementCount);
        }
        else if (index < 0) {
            throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
        }
        int j = elementCount - index - 1;
        if (j > 0) {
            System.arraycopy(elementData, index + 1, elementData, index, j);
        }
        elementCount--;
        elementData[elementCount] = null; /* to let gc do its work */
    }
LinkedList源码
  • LinkedList实现了双向链表和双端队列的特点
  • 可以添加任意元素,元素可以重复,可以为null
  • 线程不安全, 内存开销大
  • LinkedList底层维护了一个双向链表

LinkedList维护的链表:

 private static class Node<E> {
        E item;
        Node<E> next;
        Node<E> prev;

        Node(Node<E> prev, E element, Node<E> next) {
            this.item = element;
            this.next = next;
            this.prev = prev;
        }
    }

构造器

    /**
     * Constructs an empty list.
     */
    public LinkedList() {
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a list containing the elements of the specified
     * collection, in the order they are returned by the collection's
     * iterator.
     *
     * @param  c the collection whose elements are to be placed into this list
     * @throws NullPointerException if the specified collection is null
     */
    public LinkedList(Collection<? extends E> c) {
        this();
        addAll(c);
    }

add相关源码

    /**
     * Appends the specified element to the end of this list.
     *
     * <p>This method is equivalent to {@link #addLast}.
     *
     * @param e element to be appended to this list
     * @return {@code true} (as specified by {@link Collection#add})
     */
    public boolean add(E e) {
        linkLast(e);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Links e as last element.
     */
    void linkLast(E e) {
        final Node<E> l = last;
        final Node<E> newNode = new Node<>(l, e, null);
        last = newNode;
        if (l == null)
            first = newNode;
        else
            l.next = newNode;
        size++;
        modCount++;
    }


    /**
     * Inserts the specified element at the specified position in this list.
     * Shifts the element currently at that position (if any) and any
     * subsequent elements to the right (adds one to their indices).
     *
     * @param index index at which the specified element is to be inserted
     * @param element element to be inserted
     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException {@inheritDoc}
     */
    public void add(int index, E element) {
        //如果index小于0 或者大于size 直接抛异常
        checkPositionIndex(index); 

        if (index == size)
            linkLast(element);
        else
            linkBefore(element, node(index));
    }

    /**
     * Inserts element e before non-null Node succ.
     */
    void linkBefore(E e, Node<E> succ) {
        // assert succ != null;
        final Node<E> pred = succ.prev;
        final Node<E> newNode = new Node<>(pred, e, succ);
        succ.prev = newNode;
        if (pred == null)
            first = newNode;
        else
            pred.next = newNode;
        size++;
        modCount++;
    }

    private void checkPositionIndex(int index) {
        if (!isPositionIndex(index))
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException(outOfBoundsMsg(index));
    }

    private boolean isPositionIndex(int index) {
        return index >= 0 && index <= size;
    }

remove相关源码:

remove() 默认删除第一个节点

    /**
     * Retrieves and removes the head (first element) of this list.
     *
     * @return the head of this list
     * @throws NoSuchElementException if this list is empty
     * @since 1.5
     */
    public E remove() {
        return removeFirst();
    }

    /**
     * Removes and returns the first element from this list.
     *
     * @return the first element from this list
     * @throws NoSuchElementException if this list is empty
     */
    public E removeFirst() {
        final Node<E> f = first;
        if (f == null)
            throw new NoSuchElementException();
        return unlinkFirst(f);
    }

    /**
     * Unlinks non-null first node f.
     */
    private E unlinkFirst(Node<E> f) {
        // assert f == first && f != null;
        final E element = f.item;
        final Node<E> next = f.next;
        f.item = null;
        f.next = null; // help GC
        first = next;
        if (next == null)
            last = null;
        else
            next.prev = null;
        size--;
        modCount++;
        return element;
    }

    /**
     * Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this list,
     * if it is present.  If this list does not contain the element, it is
     * unchanged.  More formally, removes the element with the lowest index
     * {@code i} such that
     * <tt>(o==null&nbsp;?&nbsp;get(i)==null&nbsp;:&nbsp;o.equals(get(i)))</tt>
     * (if such an element exists).  Returns {@code true} if this list
     * contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this list
     * changed as a result of the call).
     *
     * @param o element to be removed from this list, if present
     * @return {@code true} if this list contained the specified element
     */
    public boolean remove(Object o) {
        if (o == null) {
            for (Node<E> x = first; x != null; x = x.next) {
                if (x.item == null) {
                    unlink(x);
                    return true;
                }
            }
        } else {
            for (Node<E> x = first; x != null; x = x.next) {
                if (o.equals(x.item)) {
                    unlink(x);
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Unlinks non-null node x.
     */
    E unlink(Node<E> x) {
        // assert x != null;
        final E element = x.item;
        final Node<E> next = x.next;
        final Node<E> prev = x.prev;

        if (prev == null) {
            first = next;
        } else {
            prev.next = next;
            x.prev = null;
        }

        if (next == null) {
            last = prev;
        } else {
            next.prev = prev;
            x.next = null;
        }

        x.item = null;
        size--;
        modCount++;
        return element;
    }


    /**
     * Removes the element at the specified position in this list.  Shifts any
     * subsequent elements to the left (subtracts one from their indices).
     * Returns the element that was removed from the list.
     *
     * @param index the index of the element to be removed
     * @return the element previously at the specified position
     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException {@inheritDoc}
     */
    public E remove(int index) {
        //如果index小于0或者大于size, 直接抛异常
        checkElementIndex(index);
        return unlink(node(index));
    }

    /**
     * Returns the (non-null) Node at the specified element index.
     */
    Node<E> node(int index) {
        // assert isElementIndex(index);

        if (index < (size >> 1)) {
            Node<E> x = first;
            for (int i = 0; i < index; i++)
                x = x.next;
            return x;
        } else {
            Node<E> x = last;
            for (int i = size - 1; i > index; i--)
                x = x.prev;
            return x;
        }
    }

    private void checkElementIndex(int index) {
        if (!isElementIndex(index))
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException(outOfBoundsMsg(index));
    }

    /**
     * Tells if the argument is the index of an existing element.
     */
    private boolean isElementIndex(int index) {
        return index >= 0 && index < size;
    }

声明:木心|版权所有,违者必究|如未注明,均为原创|本网站采用BY-NC-SA协议进行授权

转载:转载请注明原文链接 - ArrayList,Vector,LinkedList 源码


Carpe Diem and Do what I like